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As technology continues to evolve, attackers step up their game in spreading malware. In the past few years, the cases of malware attack infections have been increasing. Malware cases have increased by 54% in smartphones, which is alarming. Given the situation, it is vital to use tools such as an endpoint protection suite to combat malware. Read more to find out what it is all about and how you can protect yourself from malware.
What Is Malware?Malware (or malicious software) is a program that attackers develop to harm a computer. In most cases, attackers use malware to gain unauthorized entry into a user’s network. It has been a threat for both individuals and companies since the Creeper virus appeared in 1971. Today, malware seems to be the primary cause of the majority of cyber attacks. These events include data breaches that put millions of people at risk. Malware activities have also increased by 600% during the Coronavirus pandemic. Basically, attackers would trick users by using Coronavirus-related tactics in their malicious actions. Below are some types of malware that a user may encounter. Attackers may combine these types to achieve their harmful goals.
- Virus – the most common type, it corrupts your files on the computer
- Spyware – collects the user’s information without consent
- Worms – it spreads fast and self-replicates without human interaction
- Trojan – disguises as a legitimate program that gives easy access to other types of malware
- Keyloggers – tracks everything a person does on the computer
- Adware – uses advertisements that lure a person to a site and check their browser’s history
- Ransomware – threatens to publish or block a user’s data until they pay a ransom
- Attackers gain unauthorized entry
- Stops operations
- Frequent crashing and freezing
- Slow web browser and connection speeds
How Does Malware Work?Attackers use various ways to spread malware and infect a user’s device. One famous method is through emails. For example, you can get malware by downloading harmful files in attachments. It is also possible to get malware by opening links in the email that redirects you to an untrusted site.
Not only that, you can get malware with these other methods from the attackers:
- Connecting with infected USB or hard drives
- Visiting untrusted websites
- Social engineering attacks (such as phishing, etc.)
- Security loopholes